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Notes to Episode 12

5:03: The quote that Jack paraphrases from Frederic Bastiat: “Mr. de Lamartine once wrote to me thusly: “Your doctrine is only the half of my program. You have stopped at liberty; I go on to fraternity.” I answered him: “The second half of your program will destroy the first.”” (Excerpted from The Law, 1850, Bastiat)
9:30: Washington Post article substantiates Marc’s claim that a 12-year-old was arrested after sending racist messages to a black professional soccer player.
9:50: The New York Times details how a New Zealand man was sentenced to 21 months in jail for the crime of “of distributing objectionable content”, i.e. the video of the Christchurch massacre.
10:50: The Supreme Court Ruled in Regents of the University of California v. Allan Bakke that racial quotas were unconstitutional (violating the 14th amendment’s equal protections clause), but that considering race as a factor was constitutional. In 1996, the state of California passed Proposition 209 which eliminated “state and local government affirmative action programs in the areas of public employment, public education, and public contracting to the extent these programs involve “preferential treatment” based on race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin.” This November, a state ballot measure in California will provide voters the opportunity to revoke Proposition 209.
14:46: A report from the Pew Research Center found that “In 2013, federal spending on major higher education programs totaled $75.6 billion, state spending amounted to $72.7 billion, and local spending was considerably lower at $9.2 billion.” Forbes describes how very few private institutions of higher learning are truly private: “About 30% of American college students attend so-called private colleges and universities, most of which are non-profit institutions. In reality, however, with very few exceptions, all of them are heavily dependent directly or indirectly on governments for support. Federal student loans allow them to raise fees much higher than they otherwise would be able to charge, as do tuition tax credits and Pell Grants”
16:40: Jack would like to clarify that the comments about ideological intimidation and suspension based on conservative beliefs are to be attributed to his private middle school – NOT the Bronx High School of Science.
19:06: CNN published an entire article in 2016 recounting an altercation between two people, one a black woman and the other a white male, at the San Francisco State University due to the man wearing dreadlocks. In the video of the event, CNN reported that: “The woman contends that dreadlocks belong to “my culture,” and the man says “it doesn’t matter.”” The same CNN article states that this encounter ended in a physical confrontation between the two individuals.
20:00: Marc references Coleman Hughes’ testimony before the House of Representatives against H.R. 40: “this bill establishes the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans.
20:34: Marc references John McWhorter’s writing for The Atlantic on themes of anti-racism and social justice. This is one such article.
20:44: Marc references Yascha Mounk’s article in The Atlantic, “Stop Firing the Innocent”: [.
21:30: Marc is presumably alluding to Jenny Slate’s apology and resignation from voicing a black character on Netlfix’s animated show, Big Mouth, as detailed by Vanity Fair
21:39: Marc meant to say, “black person… who legitimately fears for his life.” Not, “legitimate black person…”
23:13: The Heritage Foundation details that, apart from Social Security and Medicare which are the two largest components of the welfare state, “federal welfare spending is spread across 14 government departments and agencies, nine major budget functions, and 89 separate programs. Spending levels for many programs can be discovered only by data mining the annual 1,300-page budget appendix produced by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).”
23:30: The Economist explains Herbert Simon’s theory of bounded rationality and the behavioral economic concept of “satisficing.”
24:02: The concept of voluntarism – which Jack referenced but did not define – is explained well by this article
24:20: Jack claims that UBI would be more efficient than current transfer payment/welfare state schemes. A research report published by the International Monetary Fund in 2018 stated that, “In principle, simple UBI-schemes could save on administrative costs, increase transparency of transfer systems and make the latter less subject to third-party’s capture.”
28:08: Jack references his own article for the DPT:
30:55: Marc talks about how income tax is not considered a direct tax but the constitution had to actually be amended to provide for it, as explained by Cornell’s Legal Information Institute
35:20: Jack claims there is a lack of blood being donated, especially under the conditions of the pandemic. Here is a recent article from the Red Cross detailing this sorry state of affairs
43:15: The Washington Post details how the Mueller report detailed that Trump attempted to have Mueller fired – a claim Trump vociferously disputes
45:55: Jack claims that Trump and the modern Republican party are in favor of tariffs and barriers to free trade. The New  York Times details how American consumers bear the costs of Trump’s tariffs on Chinese steel imports
46:38: Jack recommends Frederic Bastiat’s essay The Law, which can be found here for free
48:05: Jack claims that Americans are becoming increasingly politically polarized. The Pew Research Center substantiates this in the following report
48:44: The New York Daily News reaffirms the story of the woman who was killed by a suspect after reportedly saying “all lives matter” to the suspect’s group which was saying “black lives matter”
48:50: Jack references YouTube journalist Tim Pool’s account of the murder. Here is his video on the subject

Notes compiled by Jack Nicastro (’23). Timestamps may not be exact.